E-way Bill Surge: A Reflection of India's Robust Supply Chain and Economic Health

In May, the number of e-way bills—or electronic permits for the shipment of goods within and across states—soared to 103.1 million, just shy of the all-time high of 103.5 million recorded in March. This marks the third instance of e-way bill generation surpassing the 100-million mark, previously achieved in March and October 2023, as per data from the Goods and Services Tax Network (GSTN). In contrast, May 2023 saw the generation of 88.1 million e-way bills, underscoring a significant year-on-year increase.

Supply Chain Movement

The robust data for goods shipments, following a dip to 96.6 million in April, aligns with the purchasing managers' assessment of the demand for goods in the country. Despite a mild slowdown in growth momentum due to heatwaves impacting production volumes, India's manufacturing sector continued its expansion midway through the first quarter of 2024-25. S&P reported the manufacturing purchasing managers' index (PMI) at 57.5 in May, slightly lower than April's 58.8, yet still indicative of substantial improvement. A PMI reading above 50 denotes expansion.

Economic Stability

Mohan further noted that the high volume of e-way bills serves as a positive indicator of economic stability and growth, reflecting active trade and commerce essential for overall economic health. This trend suggests that achieving GST revenue collection of ₹2 trillion in the forthcoming months is plausible. The Centre and states amassed ₹1.73 trillion in GST revenue in May, following a record ₹2.1 trillion in April.

Freight Loading

Indian Railways reported a 9% month-on-month growth in freight loading for May, reaching 139.16 million tonnes. This data, reported by the Indian Infrastructure portal, further supports the robust movement of goods and economic activity.

Automobile Retail Segment

The Federation of Automobile Dealers' Association (FADA) data revealed a modest annual growth of 2.61% in May's automobile retail segment, following an impressive 27% annual growth in April

Manufacturing and Construction Output

The output of both the manufacturing and construction sectors is estimated to have expanded by 9.9% each in the fiscal year 2023-24, contributing to an overall economic growth of 8.2%.


The surge in e-way bills to 103.1 million in May reflects a robust supply chain and strong consumer demand, underscoring the resilience of India's logistics sector. Coupled with positive indicators from manufacturing, freight, and automobile sectors, this trend paints a promising picture of economic stability and growth. As businesses continue to respond to consumer demand and maintain healthy inventory levels, the outlook for India's economic health remains optimistic.