India's January CPI Inflation Eases to 5.10%: What to Expect?


India's Consumer Price Index (CPI) inflation experienced a welcome relief, easing to a three-month low of 5.10% in January from 5.69% in the previous month. This decline was primarily supported by a slower rise in prices of certain food items, as indicated by government data released on Monday.

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1- Inflation Figures

• January's CPI inflation stands at 5.10%, marking a decline from December's 5.69%.
• This easing suggests a positive trend in the economy, potentially indicating greater stability in pricing.

2-  Food Inflation

• Food inflation, a significant component contributing to overall CPI, was notably lower in January at 8.30% compared to 9.53% in December.
• The moderation in food prices played a crucial role in driving down overall inflation figures.

3- Economic Expectations vs. Reality

• A Reuters poll of 44 economists had forecasted a slightly lower inflation rate of 5.09%, indicating close alignment between expectations and actual data.
• This consistency suggests that economic forecasts are relatively accurate, providing stability for investors and policymakers.

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4- Monetary Policy Implications

• Last week, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) opted to keep interest rates unchanged.
• The decision underscores the central bank's commitment to managing inflation levels, aiming for a durable basis of 4% inflation.
• The stance on interest rates indicates a cautious approach, suggesting that rate cuts may not be imminent, prioritizing inflation control instead.


India's January CPI inflation easing to 5.10% offers a positive signal for the economy, driven by a moderation in food prices. The alignment of actual inflation figures with economic forecasts provides confidence in the accuracy of predictions. Moving forward, attention will remain on the RBI's strategies to maintain inflation within its target range while supporting economic growth.

Also Read: India’s Fiscal Challenges: An Uphill Climb Ahead