Indian Government Earnings FY 2023-24:A Closer Look

In the dynamic economic landscape of India, the fiscal year 2023-24 marks a significant chapter, characterized by promise, resilience, and strategic vision. As we delve into the depths of government earnings, a narrative of growth, innovation, and fiscal prudence unfolds, providing invaluable insights into the nation's economic pulse.

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Key Points:

1.Remarkable Surge in Earnings:

  • The Indian government anticipates a remarkable surge in earnings for FY 2023-24, projected at Rs 27,16,281 crore, excluding borrowings. This represents an impressive 117% increase from the previous fiscal year, showcasing the robust trajectory envisioned by policymakers.

2.Tax Revenue Stability:

Tax revenue remains a pillar of stability, with a projected 10.4% increase in gross tax revenue, closely aligned with the anticipated nominal GDP growth of 10.5%. Corporate and income taxes are poised to capitalize on economic expansion, contributing to revenue growth.Net Direct Tax collections are at Rs. 18,90,259 crore, compared to Rs. 15,76,776 crore in the corresponding period of the preceding Financial Year (i.e. FY 2022-23), representing an increase of 19.88%.

3.Indirect Tax Dynamics:

Navigating the nuances of indirect taxes reveals divergent trajectories, with excise duties and GST revenue experiencing varying growth rates. While excise duties are projected to increase by 5.9%, GST revenue is expected to surge by a substantial 12%, reflecting ongoing reform efforts.

4.Central Government's Fiscal Strength:

Excluding states' tax share, the central government anticipates a significant surge in net tax revenue, reaching Rs 22,27,067crore for FY 2023-24. The  collection of Rs. 22,27,067 crore includes Corporation Tax (CIT) at Rs. 10,98,183 crore and Personal Income Tax (PIT) including Securities Transaction Tax (STT) at Rs. 11,25,228 crore.This underscores the government's fiscal resilience and commitment to sustainable economic growth.

5.Resurgence of Non-Tax Revenue:

Non-tax revenue emerges as a catalyst for economic dynamism, projected to reach Rs 3,01,650 crore in FY 2023-24. This growth, driven by interest receipts, dividends, and license fees, highlights the diverse revenue streams supporting government coffers.

6.Capital Receipts and Disinvestment:

While capital receipts witness a modest increase, the focus on disinvestment remains pivotal, with a target of Rs 51,000 crore for FY 2023-24. This strategic initiative aims to unlock value and stimulate private sector participation in key economic sectors.

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Percentage-wise Distribution:

Delving into the distribution of government earnings reveals a nuanced landscape. Borrowings and liabilities contribute 34%, while GST accounts for 17%. Income tax and corporation tax each contribute 15%, followed by Union Excise Duty (7%) and Customs (4%). Non-tax receipts and non-debt capital receipts constitute the remaining 8%.


As we reflect on Indian government earnings for FY 2023-24, a narrative of resilience, innovation, and strategic foresight emerges. These earnings not only serve as financial foundations for governance but also reflect the nation's broader economic aspirations on a global scale.

(An article by Medhansh Bairaria)

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