ION Exchange (India) Ltd. : An In-depth Review

Executive Summary: 

CompanyIon Exchange (India) Ltd.
SectorWater Management
Current Promoter Holding 26.46%
FY22 PAT 162 Cr.
FY23 PAT195 Cr.
Q3 FY24 PAT47 Cr.






Company Overview: 

Ion Exchange (India) offers a wide range of solutions across the water cycle from pre-treatment to process water treatment, wastewater treatment, recycle, zero liquid discharge, sewage treatment, packaged drinking water, sea water desalination etc. The company is also engaged in manufacturing resins, speciality chemicals for water and waste water treatment as well as non-water applications.

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Promoters of the Company:




- Dinesh Sadasivan: 18+ yrs GM experience, Ion Exchange Services Ltd CEO

- Led to Asia's largest branded service network in water treatment

- Recognized for strategic initiatives & commitment to sustainability, soft skills training & industry associations


- Rajesh Sharma: Chairman & MD of Ion Exchange (India) Ltd and Ion Exchange Services Ltd

- 40+ years experience, pivotal in offering Total Water Management solutions

- Pioneered international business division, forged partnerships globally, expertise in company's technologies, active in industry associations, seminars, and papers on water treatment & conservation.


The Market Cap of the company is INR 8251 crores, TTM P/E 40.4 x, profit data given below

Total Revenue 157719902214
Net Profit162195204




Detailed Review:

Q1. What are the different business verticals of the company? 



The Company designs, engineers, supplies, constructs and provides comprehensive operation and maintenance services for customised and standardised water, waste water and process treatment plants. This segment contributes nearly 60% of the company’s revenue

And this engineering segment of ION Exchange finds it usage in many industries like Petrochemical & Refinery, Power, Steel, Auto, Sugar, Electronics, Pharma, Pulp & Paper, Textile, Cement, F&B etc apart from Municipal and residential.The revenue for FY23 from this segment was: INR 1179 Crores. as per their annual report.


2.Chemicals : 

This Chemicals segment contributes nearly 30% of the revenue. This Chemicals Segment has 3 Sub segments namely :-

  1. Water Treatment Chemicals
  2. Speciality Chemicals
  3. ION Exchange Resins

The revenue from this segment as of FY23 was INR 583 Cr.


3. Consumer products: 

Ion Exchange is the pioneer of the revolutionary RO technology, in India. With its National & International presence, Zero B(Zero B is a RO Brand by ION Exchange) has emerged as one of the premier brands in this segment. It also has products like Non-electric purifiers , water softeners and Water Purifiers. This segment contributes nearly 10% of their revenue




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Q2.What are the product offerings of the company ? 

1.Water Treatment Plants: Ion Exchange designs, produces and sets up a range of water treatment facilities tailored to meet the unique requirements of businesses, local governments, and residential areas.

  1. Reverse Osmosis (RO) Plants: 
  2. Ultrafiltration (UF) Plants
  3. Nano Filtration (NF) Plants: 
  4. Ion Exchange Plants  
  5. Multi-Effect Distillation (MED) and Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) Plants

2. Wastewater Treatment Systems: Ion Exchange process in industrial wastewater treatment, including

  1. Activated Sludge Plants
  2. Membrane Bioreactor (MBR) Systems
  3. Sewage Treatment Plants (STPs)
  4. Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) Systems

3.Specialty Chemicals: Ion Exchange makes and sells special chemicals and additives for treating water include coagulants, flocculants, disinfectants, scale inhibitors, and corrosion inhibitors. These chemicals help improve water treatment, make it work better, and meet water quality rules.

4.Resin Regeneration Services: This company regenerates resin for ion exchange systems, making spent resins reusable and reducing the environmental impact of water treatment. Regeneration restores exhausted resins' capacity and efficiency through chemical treatment and rinsing, extending their service life and cutting operational costs for customers.

Q3. What are the strategic priorities of the company ? 

  1. Conservation of vital resources through comprehensive water and environment management solutions.
  2. Investment in advanced technologies for water replenishment and adoption of renewable energy.
  3. mplementation of innovative waste management strategies to reduce, reuse, and recycle water and waste.
  4. Embracing cleaner and efficient technologies aligned with the Circular Economy concept.
  5. Prioritizing product and operational impact assessment, along with employee and community well-being, for a positive environmental and social impact.

Q4.Who are the major clients of the company ? 

  1. Industrial: NTPC, NPC, Reliance, IOCL, JSW, CPCL, L&T, ArcelorMittal Nippon Steel, Nayara Energy, IRCTC, BHEL, and Tata Group 


  1. Municipal and government agencies: They provide water and wastewater treatment plants for municipalities and government agencies.

Q5.Where are the manufacturing facilities of the company?

  1. Ankleshwar, Gujarat: ISO 9001 & 14001 certified facility manufacturing ion exchange resins, including cation and anion resins for various applications, and Indion drug actives & excipients, compliant with US FDA and WHO GMP standards.
  2. Hosur, Tamil Nadu: Produces industrial chemicals such as polyelectrolytes and water treatment chemicals, along with specialty process chemicals for multiple industries.
  3. Patancheru, Telangana: Manufactures a wide range of water treatment chemicals, including RO membrane chemicals and specialty process chemicals for various industries.
  4. Rabale, Maharashtra: Functions as a 100% Export Oriented Unit (EOU) for the assembly, testing, and consultancy of custom-built water & wastewater treatment systems.
  5. Verna, Goa: Houses India's first automated membrane manufacturing unit, producing membranes under the HYDRAMEM brand, along with standard industrial water treatment plants.
  6. Hosur, Tamil Nadu: Fabrication and assembly facility for pre-designed water and wastewater treatment plants, including units for pharma and food & beverage industries, and water quality monitoring instruments.
  7. Wada, Maharashtra: Modern facility manufacturing FRP products for composite pressure vessels, RO & UF pressure tubes, and industrial electrical units.
  8. International: Facilities in Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Sharjah, UAE, serve as assembly, fabrication, and warehouse centers for water treatment equipment and supplies across the Asia Pacific region.

Q6. What are Future Expansion Plans?

As part of its future initiatives, Ion Exchange is poised to focus on several strategic endeavors to propel its growth trajectory:

  1. The company aims to intensify efforts to increase export volumes for resins, tapping into international markets and expanding its global footprint.
  2. Ion Exchange is committed to developing newer chemistries and formulations, leveraging innovation to enhance the performance and efficacy of its products.
  3. In line with escalating demand, the company plans to expand its capacity both domestically and internationally, ensuring it can meet the growing needs of its customers.
  4. Leveraging its state-of-the-art membrane manufacturing facilities in Goa, Ion Exchange intends to bolster its market share in India while simultaneously exporting membranes to regions with established local presence.
  5. Operational efficiency and throughput enhancement will remain a priority, with Ion Exchange implementing measures to optimize its processes and streamline operations.
  6. Additionally, the company plans to embark on Greenfield expansion projects in the chemicals segment, further diversifying its product portfolio and strengthening its market position.
  7. With a renewed focus on wastewater treatment solutions, Ion Exchange is poised to innovate and develop cutting-edge technologies to address evolving environmental challenges and contribute to sustainable water management practices. 

Q7. What is the Geographical Split of the Business?


 Domestic : 77%

 Exports : 23%

Q8.What Are some key Projects Carried Out by the Company ?

1. Zero Liquid Discharge Plant at Indian Oil Corporation, Panipat Refinery

2.40 MLD Seawater Desalination Project

3.Wastewater Recycling System at JSW Steel

Q9.How does the Order book for the company look like?

The company has a healthy order book of Rs.3650 Cr.Some of its recent order details: 

  1. Company received a Letter of award from IOCL, for the work of Water Treatment Plant including Reverse Osmosis, Demineralization Plant, Condensate Polishing Unit, Zero Liquid Discharge Plant and O&M for two years and Annual Maintenance Charges for five years for their Panipat refinery capacity expansion project (P-25) at a contract value of INR 726 Crores plus GST. The project is to be commissioned within 24 months from the date of Letter of Acceptance.
  2. The contract awarded by Material Construction, UAE for INR 250.65 crores excluding VAT and other taxes (as per the milestone) for a Project in North Africa is to be completed in 7 months from the date of approval of Engineering.

Q10.What does the Future Industry Outlook Look like?

Water and wastewater management stands out as a promising subsector within India's environmental technology segment, fueled by escalating demand for water that is projected to outstrip supply by 2030. 

Reports from Frost & Sullivan indicate substantial growth potential, with the Indian water and wastewater treatment market expected to reach $2.08 billion by 2025, driven by a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 9 percent. India ranks prominently on the global stage as the sixth-largest market for environmental technologies, with a notable second-place ranking for water and wastewater management.

Governmental initiatives such as the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation, National Mission for Clean Ganga, Jal Jeevan Mission, and Community Drinking Water Schemes are pivotal in fueling market growth. Regulatory measures and funding mechanisms are being implemented to attract private investments, fostering an environment conducive to achieving significant industry expansion while efficiently utilizing government expenditure. 

This proactive approach aims to address water scarcity challenges, particularly in rapidly urbanizing areas, through the development of wastewater treatment facilities with private sector participation.

In industrial sectors like power, food and beverages, chemicals, pharmaceuticals, steel, refineries, and textiles, there's a growing preference for advanced treatment technologies such as reverse osmosis membranes and membrane bioreactors. Industries are increasingly adopting principles of wastewater recycling and zero liquid discharge to manage water usage effectively and improve environmental sustainability. 

Additionally, the home water purifier market demonstrates robust growth, driven by increasing consumer awareness and technological advancements, presenting opportunities for both industry participants and consumers alike. 

However, challenges such as high tariffs and a fragmented market structure remain noteworthy considerations for the sector's growth trajectory.

Q11.What are some key challenges faced by the companies?

  1. Economic downturns may reduce demand for Ion Exchange's solutions, necessitating diversification and cost-effective strategies to maintain revenue.
  2.  Price volatility in raw materials and energy sources can impact production costs, requiring risk management measures such as hedging or long-term contracts.
  3. In a highly competitive market, Ion Exchange must prioritize innovation, customer relationships, and strategic partnerships to differentiate itself and maintain market share.

Q12.What is the Competitive Advantage the Company enjoys?

  1. Ion Exchange benefits from a broad range of products and services, allowing it to cater to diverse customer needs efficiently.
  2. The company offers integrated solutions, combining various products and services to provide comprehensive water and wastewater management solutions.
  3. Ion Exchange possesses strong technical expertise, enabling it to deliver high-quality solutions and provide expert guidance to customers.

Q13.How does Ion Exchange manage its distribution network?

  1. Direct Sales Channel
  2. Distributors
  3. Online Sales
  4. Retail Chains

Q14.What are some Strengths for the Company?

  1. Strong financial performance
  2. Diversified business model
  3. Strong brand reputation
  4. Broad product portfolio



Income Statement:


(An article by Medhansh Bairaria)

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