What is Operating Profit?

Operating Profit Defination:

Operating profit, often referred to as operating income or operating earnings, is a key financial metric that measures a company’s profitability from its core business operations. It represents the amount of profit a company generates from its regular operating activities, excluding interest expenses and taxes.

Why is Operating Profit Important?

Operating profit is crucial for several reasons:

Performance Measurement: It serves as a primary indicator of a company’s operational efficiency and profitability. It provides insight into how well a company is performing in its core business activities.

Investor Assessment: Investors and analysts use operating profit to evaluate a company’s financial health and its ability to sustain and grow its business without considering external financial factors.

Strategic Decision-Making: Companies rely on operating profit data to make strategic decisions, such as cost-cutting measures or pricing adjustments, to improve profitability.

How Does Operating Profit Work?

Operating profit formula:

Operating Profit = Gross Profit – Operating Expenses


Gross Profit: This is the profit a company earns after deducting the cost of goods sold (COGS) from its revenue

Operating Expenses: These are the day-to-day expenses incurred in running a business, such as salaries, rent, utilities, and marketing costs.

Impact of Operating Profit

Operating profit has several impacts:

Financial Health: A positive operating profit indicates that a company’s core operations are profitable, which is essential for long-term sustainability.

Investor Confidence: High and consistent operating profits often attract investors, leading to increased stock prices and potential growth opportunities.

Creditworthiness: Lenders and creditors use operating profit as a measure of a company’s ability to repay debt, impacting its credit rating and access to financing.

Business Strategy: Companies use operating profit data to adjust their strategies, allocate resources effectively, and improve their competitive position in the market.

Let us see an operating profit example:

RevenueINR 434 Cr
Cost of Goods SoldINR 325 Cr
Other Operating ExpensesINR 35 Cr
Operating ProfitINR 74 Cr

A company named KP Energy Limited Generated INR 434 crores of revenue in FY23. The Cost of good sold was INR 325 crores. The company incurred INR 35 crores in other operating expenses. The operating profit for the company would be INR 74 crores.

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